NASA astrophysicist James Klimchuk recently gave a talk to the American Geophysical Union on the connection between the Sun, space weather and the Earth.
Dr. Klimchuk gives a great description of the chain of physics that leads from the Sun to the Earth, and it is well worth a look for those who want to get an overview of how events on the Sun can affect the Earth. For example at this time Dr. Klimchuk talks about the solar prominences and how we create artificial eclipses to see coronal mass ejections. From here Dr. Klimchuk talks about the production of the aurora and other effects that Earth-directed coronal mass ejections can produce.
If you are interested in learning more about the AGU’s science, please go to their YouTube channel to see more.